KCDC Nepal – for the empowerment of poor communities

By Denise Nanni and Milena Rampoldi, ProMosaik. From India today we
are moving to Nepal where we talked to Tanka Theeng, Executive Director and
Found Director of the organization KCDC,
supporting poor communities in Nepal. We talked about the main problems
communities face in Nepal, and about the engagement of KCDC to support and
empower them. 
How was founded KCDC and with what aims?
KCDC is a Community Based, relief, development
and advocacy, Non-Governmental
Organization, nonprofit,
non-political and Voluntary Social Organization
and it was created in 1993.
Its entire staff is mobilized daily to cover the basic needs of poor,
poor children, women,
marginalized or excluded by the effects of natural disasters,
and situations
economic collapse, poverty and injustice. KCDC is based in Kakani Heights, operates in the areas of child development, women’s empowerment, food security, health, nutrition, rehabilitation
of infrastructure, water and sanitation and economic recovery, education, elimination of child labor, safe migration and stop
human trafficking. With strong complementary technical
expertise in the humanitarian
field, international partners and KCDC and their common goal is to provide a comprehensive response to emergency,
health and nutrition, WASH, livelihood, awareness, school buildings construction, library erection, agro-forestry, child and women’s empowerment, capacity building in
poor and vulnerable Community in Nuwakot District by implementing different Program activities.
We have been operated programs in the areas of emergency, shelter, WASH, livelihood, recovery, child
development, women’s empowerment, food security, health, nutrition, rehabilitation of infrastructure, water and sanitation and economic recovery, education, elimination of child labor, safe migration and stop human
trafficking. With strong complementary technical expertise in the humanitarian field, with international partner
and KCDC with together in collaboration in partnership and their common goal is to provide a comprehensive response to most vulnerable, children’s protection
and development, health and
nutrition, promotion of the child
rights and women’s empowerment to empower children, young
people and women, especially from marginalised
social groups, so that
become capable of gaining control over
their own, their families’ and communities’
nutrition, health and wellbeing.
KCDC envisages an equitable society where disadvantaged communities are empowered to live healthy lives.
KCDC is a voluntary organisation that insists the Nuwakot. It can and must be swiftly changed to one where everyone can
a full life, free from poverty, malnutrition, poor health,
WASH and illiteracy. We work districtwisely for
profound change
that eradicates the causes of poverty, striving to achieve equality, dignity
and freedom   for
most vulnerable, all, regardless of faith or
nationality. We are part of a wider movement for social justice. We provide urgent, practical and effective assistance where need is great, tackling the effects of poverty as well as
its root causes.
Our Mission
To empower children, young
people and women, especially from
marginalized, social groups and most vulnerable so
that they become capable
of gaining control over their own, their families and communities’ nutrition, health
and wellbeing. Poverty is an outrage against humanity. It robs people of dignity, freedom and hope, of power
over their own lives. An
to poverty, poor health and illiteracy and we believe that vision can become a
Objectives and
our essential purpose
To expose the scandal
of poverty
To help in
practical ways to root it out from
the community
To challenge and change structures and
systems that favour the rich
and powerful over the poor and marginalised .
Our mandate We are an
agency of our Community Based Organisations (CBOs), Small Women’s Groups (SWGs)
and Private Voluntary Women’s Organizations (PWVOs) in Nuwakot and
are mandated to work on relief,
health, nutrition, drinking water,
sanitation, child education, women empowerment, development and advocacy for poverty eradication. KCDC‘s  work in founded on phylanthropy development faith, inspired by hope and acts to
change an unjust society through evangel development informations exchange and charity a practical love and care
for our neighbours and people of world.
Our Values
Put human life first We believe that all people are created equal, with inherent dignity and infinite worth. individual human needs
must always come first,
ahead of dogma, ideology or
political necessity. We know that
each one of us, in
all our diversity and varied
talents, can
make a real difference in the battle to end
poverty, poor health
and injustice.
Struggle for justice Poverty is a condition created by an unjust society, denying people access to , and control over, the resources they need to live a full life. So we take the side of poor and marginalised people as they
struggle to realise their civil, political,
conomic, health, social and cultural rights. We believe in the just an
sustainable use of the earth and its resources, so that the greed of
generation will not create poverty for the
Speak out courageously We have a duty to speak out and act with condition to challenge and change
the systems
that creat poverty.  KCDC
will always remain independent of governments and other powerful
institutions.  We  work
 to  educate  and  mobilise  people  from  all  kinds 
of  backgrounds  to  build  a  integrally
movement which can
change the course of history.
Test everything against experience We know that
people are the true experts on the nature of poverty,
and our work is shaped by their voices and concerns. In a spirit of humility, we try to learn from our own
mistakes and from the experience of those we work alongside, to improve the impact
of our work. We know that lasting solutions can never be imposed on
communities from the outside.
Working together with others All our work is based on the spirit of cooperation and partnership. We help to
build a society/community free from poverty through inter-faith and inter–community dialogue and cooperation.
We nurture the talents, commitment and energy of all our
supporters, volunteers and staff. Together we uphold
a commitment to honesty, mutual respect, accountability and
Basic ways of working of Kakani Center for Development of Community in
poor than poorest
1.   KCDC exists to help those in need regardless of religion, ethnicity
or nationality.
2.   KCDC works with and
through women’s groups and women volunteers in community, churches, women’s cooperatives/CBWOs and movements who have common values and competence in
poverty eradication.
3.   KCDC engages and serves poor children
and women, supporters, volunteers and
ider community to strengthen the movement to
eradicate poverty, malnutrition
and social injustice, to
break the cycle of
child labor and trafficking and raising awareness to stopping
the cycle of poverty and malnutrion.
4.   KCDC wants to be a leading force against
district widely poverty that is a well managed, flexible and voluntary social organisation
that is accountable to a variety of key stakeholders.
District: Nuwakot
Years of experience
on above program:  
By implementing past 25 years development program activities experiences we have been gained
by doing
as follow;
Credo of KCDC
Go to the people where is most vulnerable
Live among them in
f vulnerable
Learn from them for sharing
Plan with
for public participation
Work with them for transfer the experience and skills
Start with what they know for encouragement of community
Build with what they have for sustainable development
Teach by showing, learn by doing for exchange and
transfer skill and ideas for poverty reduction
What is the current situation of the communities hit by the earthquake
of 2015, and how do you support them?
On 25 April 2015, a series of 7.8 magnitude earthquakes has devastated
entire communities in Nuwakot. According to government statistics, 1045 people
died, 2700 were serious injured and 4000 injured while Bidur Municipality and
61 VDCs were damaged (90%). 90% houses were completely destroyed. Nearly 78000
households were suffered damaged severely in the affected villages. It is
estimated that around 37714 domestic animals, the key source of people’s
livelihood, were killed. The majority of the populations in the affected
villages are farmers and low socioeconomic status with low hygienic and
environmental sanitation standards.
The health system, school buildings and government offices buildings
were seriously affected by the earthquake in the VDCs. A 7.8-magnitude
earthquake has struck Nuwakot claiming that all VDCs -lives and causing massive
destruction. Aftershocks continue to cause more damage. In 61 VDCs KCDC’s Field
Supervisors and development workers with their Network in every VDCs of Nuwakot
District are on the ground using their local knowledge and skills to help
people, women, girls, pregnant-mothers, lactating-mothers, breast feeding
children and young children affected by this disaster. We are working
throughout Nuwakot District and our Integrated Development Program with WASH
and Health-Nutrition, shelter, Emergency Food Security Livelihood, Recovery,
Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction Activities and humanitarian efforts are
running in Bidur Municipality and in 61 VDCs in Nuwakot District.
Earthquake affected people and vulnerable are in need for generous
supports and help for recovery of livelihood. The worst earthquake Nuwakot has
experienced in 80 years.
KCDC is working in partnership with
international organizations and Government working together and to be on the
ground in these communities within vulnerable community of the earthquake to
help with recovery of livelihood and reconstruction. We are working with District
Disaster Rescue Committee (DDRC), Local Disaster Rescue Committees (LDRCs),
Nepal Reconstruction Authority (NRA) and community relief teams and providing
local available support to the many affected and displaced individuals as for
recovery of livelihood.
KCDC has been supported
earthquake affected people and vulnerable as Food, water, blankets, clothes,
medical supplies, and temporary shelter are also needed. We are deeply
interested working together in partnership with you to sharing and learning other
international organizations experience in Nuwakot District for humanitarian
welfare and development activities in our community in Nuwakot for recovery of
livelihood of vulnerable.
How extended is the issue of human trafficking in Nepal and what
sectors of society are at a major risk?
Nuwakot District is mainly a primary source district for men, women,
and children who are subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. Some
Nuwakote women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking in major cities of
Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, in India, and the Middle East, and also are subjected
to forced labor in Nepal and India as domestic servants, beggars, factory
workers, mine workers, and in the entertainment industry, including in circuses
and in pornography. They are subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor in
other Asian destinations, including Malaysia, Hong Kong, and South Korea.
Nepali boys also are exploited in domestic servitude and in addition to some
Indian boys are subjected to forced labor in Nepal, especially in brick kilns
and the embroidered textiles industry. One is concerned that China is an
emerging sex trafficking hub for Nepali girls. There were reports of
traffickers in the remote Nuwakot region who deceive families into sending
their children to urban areas with false promises of schooling. Many of these children,
however, are never sent to schools and some end up in forced labor, including
forced begging. Bonded labor exists in agriculture, brick kilns, and the
stone-breaking industry. Particularly in agriculture, this is often based on
caste lines, where traditional landlord castes use debt bondage to secure
unpaid labor from Dalit laborers. Traffickers generally target uneducated
people, especially from socially marginalized and traditionally excluded
groups. However, a growing number of victims are relatively poor skilled and
from traditionally privileged groups.
Many Nuwakote migrants seek work in domestic service, construction, or
other low-skilled sectors in Gulf countries, Malaysia, Israel, South Korea,
Afghanistan, and Libya with the help of Nepal-based labor brokers and manpower
agencies. They travel willingly but some subsequently face conditions
indicative of forced labor such as withholding of passports, restrictions on
movement, nonpayment of wages, threats, deprivation of food and sleep, and physical
or sexual abuse. Some are deceived about their destination country, the terms
of their contract, or are subjected to debt bondage, which can in some cases be
facilitated by fraud and high recruitment fees charged by unscrupulous agents.
Many workers migrate via India; this is illegal, due to the 2007 Foreign
Employment Act that requires all workers to leave for overseas work via the
Kathmandu airport. Many migrants leave by land because it is easier and cheaper
than traveling by air, and to avoid legal migration registration requirements,
the scrutiny of a labor migration desk in the airport, and bribes that some
officials reportedly require at the airport to secure migration documents. A
recent survey of returned migrants served by the Gos and NGOs assessed that 67
percent of female Nepali workers who returned from the Gulf were unhealthy;
most disorders were psychological illnesses. The Government of Nepal does not
fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking;
however, it is making significant efforts to do so, despite limited resources.
During the year, the government has to establish a strong Central Crime
Investigative Bureau’s special unit to investigate trafficking and increase its
direct financial support for protective services in Nepal and abroad. Incidents
of trafficking-related complicity by government officials were not documented
by the government, but reported by civil society. The lack of proactive victim
identification remained a serious problem in Nuwakot to Nepal.
Trafficking and sexual abuse of girls in the name of tradition still
flourishes in the VDCs (Village Development Committees – Local Government
Region Authority) of Nuwakot District. 
The most visible forms are the Poverty and Awareness among the poor
community of Nuwakot.  Documentation of
children in the sex industry has not given attention to this traditional source
area and hence quantitative estimates cannot be made.  Nevertheless, it is well known that the
tradition exists and the exploitation of women and children continues.
How do you promote women’s rights and empowerment?
Goal of the KCDC:
This project aims to test the efficacy of certain approaches and
methods to combat trafficking and sexual abuse of women and children in source
areas. The lessons learnt from this previous project could then be replicated
and up scaled for a wider outreach.
To counter the phenomena of trafficking through community based
preventive information campaigns aiming to increase the understanding of the
realities of migration among potential female victims of trafficking and
relevant authorities in Nuwakot.
To increase the capacity of community based
social service provider institutions, VDCs, CACs, community stakeholders,
FCHVs, CPCs and educational entities to identify and effectively apply
individually tailored measures to prevent young women and girls from trafficking.
To establish an effective network among community stakeholders and
formulation of vigilance committee to take responsible for anti-trafficking
policies and prevention in project area.
Objectives of the KCDC:
To call upon  the
Governments,  civil society
organizations  and  corporations 
to formulate or strengthen  and  implement 
gender-sensitive social and 
economic  policies to assist women
and  children  vulnerable 
to trafficking and  families
and  communities in resisting acts that
lead to trafficking, with special attention 
to family abuse, harmful traditional practices and their impact on
girls, and to reduce  poverty.
To reduce poverty by promoting gainful employment, income generation
and other support, including ensuring access to welfare schemes and programme.
To call upon  Governments  and 
civil society to adopt 
measures  to reduce  demand for prostitution,  other commercial sexual services, cheap
labour and other activities that foster trafficking in persons.
To ensure the strengthening of collaborative efforts with local
community and VDCs/municipal governments and non-governmental organizations
towards promoting education and vocational training, microcredit, and other
poverty reduction programmes, including improved access to innovative
government programmes.
To establish, as a primary prevention 
need,  the setting up  of collaborative mechanisms by governmental
organizations, non-governmental organizations, and the community  for birth, marriage and migration
registration  to stop human  trafficking.
To recognize the role of youth as a change maker in society and encourage
to join the fight against trafficking.
To build in each VDC unit
an awareness campaign
targeting all stakeholders and vulnerable areas
so as to create an environment
that does not accept any form of trafficking. The campaign must address
specific groups, such as potential
victims, their parents, customers, business owners, border officials, law enforcement personnel and diplomatic authorities.  Encourage  media
 to develop 
strategies  which
strengthen  the  role
of the  media
 in  providing  information  of the  highest  quality, reliability and ethical standard  concerning  all aspects  of trafficking.
To use community-based resources as inputs into a technical vulnerability mapping (for example,
through a geographical information system (GIS)) that will yield information on regions or VDCs that are particularly vulnerable to human trafficking.
This information will be used to plan responses to reduce this vulnerability.
Project is needed in thrust; programs
can be broadly classified as: (i) those that take a
community based
approach with demand driven and a welfare-orientation and (ii) those that take a bottom-up (or communitybased) approach and have an empowerment orientation. The top- down/welfare-oriented programs are generally one-time activities that concentrate on raising awareness, with only minimal follow-up or subsequent communitylevel support.
They tend to be prescriptive (telling people what to do) rather than facilitating a process of informed decisionmaking. Bottomup/empowermentoriented programs tend to be rooted in communities and usually address trafficking in the context of other needs and priorities with empowerment as an overall aim. They also tend to establish community or group support systems to help those in difficult circumstances and to address trafficking from a position
of collective strength.
Working Approach of KCDC
Do you cooperate with local authorities and institutions? If yes, how?
Coordination with District Stakeholders and
Community Stakeholders:
KCDC works and coordinate with District Stakeholders and Community
Stakeholder, other agencies, organizations, groups  or individuals who have a direct or indirect
interest  in the counter-trafficking  activities and  responses, 
and  who affect or are positively
or negatively  affected, by the  implementation of activities. Stakeholders
could include governments, donor communities, implementation partners,
businesses and project beneficiaries.  
Relevant stakeholders should work together to develop or finalize
instruments, procedures, performance indicators, recommendations, etc.  This is important because a comprehensive,
collaborative and Coordination approach is necessary to countering trafficking
in persons in an effective and sustainable way; no single group, agency or
individual can do this alone.